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Article first time online: 25 July 2009.
Article reworked: October 2019.

The Cheops Pyramid: B - The Entrance.


Units: The royal cubit (Mahe), further on named cubit:

1 (royal) cubit [Mahe] = 52.36 cm = 20.615 inch ==> 1 cubit = 7 (hand)palms.

1 palm = 52.36 cm / 7 = 7.48 cm = 2.945 inch ==> 1 palm = 4 digits (finger widths)

1 digit = 7.48 cm / 4 = 1,87 cm = 0,73625 inch



All, literally all corridors and rooms that are currently known in the Cheops pyramid are nothing more than technical shafts or rooms. The really important rooms in the pyramid have remained untouched throughout the centuries. The coffins and/or sarcophagi of the so called gods and their written history are still there.


Where exactly are those rooms located?

In order to reach those secret rooms, we must first try to unseal the entrance. This is here, of course, about the real entrance to the pyramid and not about the tunnel that the workmen of caliph Al-Mamoen have carved into the pyramid.



The real entrance of Cheop's pyramid.
Photo taken by Jon Bodsworth [3]


The North side of Cheops' pyramid. Above the real entrance of the pyramid.
Below Al-Mamoen's robber's tunnel, still used by tourists today.

Photo taken by Jon Bodsworth [3]

See Wikipedia kalief  Al-Mamoen : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ma%27mun




Inside Al-Mamoun's tunnel.
Photo taken by Jon Bodsworth [3]



Inside Al-Mamoun's tunnel.
Photo taken by Jon Bodsworth [3]



Inside Al-Mamoun's tunnel, below is the descending shaft leading to the subterranean room.
Photo taken by Jon Bodsworth [3]


Wikipedia: “Shortly before his death, during a visit to Egypt in 832, the caliph ordered the breaching of the Great Pyramid of Giza looking for knowledge and treasure. He entered the pyramid by carving out a tunnel into the Great Pyramid near where tradition located the original entrance. The resulting passage, which was later named the "Robbers' Tunnel" is the path along which tourists enter the pyramid today”.


See: The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh, 1883 written by Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie
Book online see: http://www.ronaldbirdsall.com/gizeh/index.htm
    Ch 6. Outside of Great Pyramid - Sec 32. Original position of the entrance.



Originally, the entrance to the pyramid was hidden behind a large limestone trap door. From the outside there was nothing to be seen, if one knew perfectly where that trap door was located, it could be lifted quite easily because it was almost perfectly balanced. Perhaps only one individual was needed to open that trap door, only a small imbalance caused that limestone trap door to close or stay closed.




The real entrance to Cheops pyramid.
The rotating mantle stone as well as
the surrounding stone blocks have since long disappeared.



The perpendicular cross-section of the descending
(technical) shaft measures 2 by 2 cubit.
The large stone blocks above it cover an area of ​​at least 6 by 6 cubit.



No, this is certainly not about the 2 by 2 cubit descending shaft that goes down at an angle of 26°. As already mentioned, this is a purely technical shaft. The real entrance is at some distance above it, just below the double enormous roof beams.

[1] The descending shaft (2 by 2 cubit) was already known in Greek antiquity and investigated over its entire length. For example, the Greco-Roman geographer Strabo gave a clear description of the large underground chamber on which this shaft ended (185 meters below the top of the pyramid). "Graffiti" was also found from the time of the Roman occupation, a confirmation of regular visits. "

[2] In his Geographica, written about the beginning of the Christian era, Strabo states that the great pyramid "slightly up on one side, contains a stone that can be removed and thus shows a sloping passage to the foundations" .

At the time of Strabo the real entrance was already known as well as the descending shaft that led to the large underground chamber. Two other shafts, starting from this underground corridor, weren't yet discovered at that time.

Apparently that entrance was again forgotten, it seems that at the time of Al-Ma'moen one no longer knew where the real entrance was.




Under the double roof beams are huge limestone blocks behind which the real entrance is hidden. These stone blocks cover an area of at least 6 by 6 cubit, a passage behind it of 4 cubit wide and 5 to 6 cubit high is certainly possible here. Removing those visible large stones will certainly not be easy, but with this alone the problem is still far from being solved.



Behind these visible limestone blocks is an even larger monolith,
probably a granite sealing block,
which was pushed from the inside to the outside and pressed into the surrounding walls.
Photo taken by Jon Bodsworth [3]



This enormous monolith, the sealing block of the real entrance, was at least at the top (visible) provided with tongues and grooves. The teeth on this monolith fit into the grooves (and vice versa) of the blocks above it which belong to the massive part of the pyramid. They did fit together perfectly when closing the pyramid. The tongues and grooves ensured perfect guidance and positioning of the monolith, so it moved exactly like the builders intended. This monolith is probably very tightly positioned, it will almost be impossible to remove him and going around the stone won't be easy either.



Tongue and groove, here in 2 wooden beams,
makes perfect positioning possible.





From the entrance, behind the sealing block, there will be a secret passage.
This time, the ascending passage will have decent dimensions
with a width of around 4 cubit and a height of 5 to 6 cubit.
The floor of it will now have steps, shall form an easy staircase.




Entering into that secret passage will therefore not be easy.
That monolith (sealing block) was pressed into the entrance,
removing it will certainly not be easy.






The secret ascending passage will end at a closed wall, by chance we know that behind that limestone wall are the relief rooms which are located above the kings chamber and consist of huge granite slabs. It is to be expected that the side walls, the ceiling as well as the wall at the end of that passage will be totally bare, there won't be any reliefs in the walls there. The only thing that could stand out are the possible stairs. A staircase is something that does not occur anywhere else in the pyramid. The ascending and descending shafts, with a slope of 26 degrees, have no steps and are smooth. It is therefore very difficult to climb or descend into these shafts.


So, that secret passage will probable end on a limestone wall. How thick that wall is, we don't know of course. What we do know is that there are huge granite slabs behind that wall. We could chop that limestone wall away, after which we get to see the granite slabs. We could start to chop the granite blocks away that are between the layers of granite beams. However, we would risk getting the upper slabs on our head. By coincidence we know what the kings chamber and the layers above look like, if we had not known this it could have been a very fatal fall.





The kings chamber measures 10 by 20 cubit, the granite walls surrounding this chamber are 3 cubit thick what makes the exterior has a dimension of 16 by 26 cubits. The enormous granite roof beams, which are forming the relief chambers, may have a length of 16 cubit. The blocks between those layers, also from granite, can have a thickness of 2.5 cubit or even more. The kings chamber and surrounding granite walls are standing in a shaft which consist of limestone blocks. This is the wall at the end of the secret passage. The thickness of this wall is not known, perhaps also 3 cubit?


Do we really have to search in that place?

Oh yes, unfortunately we have to continue our way through the limestone wall and we have to overcome the obstacle of relief beams above the Kings Chamber in order to reach the really secret rooms. To understand this, we need to study the pyramid of Cheops much more thoroughly.


What can we expect there?




If we can get into the secret passage behind the entrance, a fairly wide staircase will perhaps lead us to a wall at the end of that corridor. Behind that wall are the pressure relief rooms above the kings chamber. This obstacle must be overcome, from above the kings chamber another corridor can lead us to the center of the pyramid. A small antechamber in the center of the pyramid is possible, the center probably laying exactly at floor level. The real secret rooms must be accessible from there.

The at most difficult obstacle here: The kings chamber and the layers of granite beams above it.

Overcoming that obstacle will most likely not succeed anymore, possibly a shaft can be carved from that secret passage to the center of the pyramid. Of course, hard granite slabs will block our way between the passage and the center.


References to Chapter B.

[1] - Hancock, Graham.
In English: Fingerprints of the gods.
London – Heinemann 1995 -
In Dutch: Het onstaan en het einde van alles.
Uitgeverij Tirion – Baarn – Nederland – ISBN 90-5121-600-9   - 1997.

[2] - Geography of Strabo – W Heinemann, Londen 1982.


[3] - Photos taken by Jon Bodsworth.