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Article first time online November 2019.

The Cheops Pyramid: F - The Subterranean spaces.

 

These subterranean spaces, including the lower part of the descending corridor, are all carved into the rock formation of the Giza plateau on which Cheops' pyramid was built. To make a hydraulic press possible (see chapter E) inside the pyramid there’s one (small) shaft to short. The assumption  therefore is an additional, as yet undiscovered shaft that would start in the subterranean chamber and would end up just below the king’s chamber. It is of course impossible to see where that shaft could actually begin, the only thing we can do is guess.

 

F01
F01 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. - [1]
The subterranean chamber below Cheops’ pyramid.

 

To see a more recent photo of the subterranean chamber please see the website of the author Graham Hancock: [2]
https://grahamhancock.com/galleries/beauty-of-egypt/inside

 

F02
F02 - Drawing by Charles Piazzi Smyth. - [3]
From his book: Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid (1877)

 

F03a
F03a - Drawing by Charles Piazzi Smyth, - [3]
based on previous drawings of Howard Vyse. [4] -  
On the drawing, in the vertical shaft is written “Perring’s excavation”
[5]

 

F03b
F03b – Drawing by Charles Piazzi Smyth, the same as above but refreshed. - [3]
The location of the top of the pyramid (cross) is incorrect on this drawing.

 

F04
F04 -  Approx. the same drawing but now made by the brothers Edgar.[1]

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F04a
F04a – Plan of the subterranean chamber. [1]

 

F04b
Fig F04b – Vertical north-south section, looking West. [1]

 

F04c
F04c – Detail of the whole extent of the West wall. [1]

 

F04d
F04d – Vertical West-East section, looking North. [1]
Detail of the North wall and the vertical shaft in the floor.

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F04e
F04e – Plan of the subterranean chamber, [1]
with numbered details – see further.

[6] – Petrie 37: The dimensions and distances are as follow, from the S. end of the floor of the entrance passage (as deduced from the roof, which is better preserved); and the axial positions and levels are by theodolite observations:

 

 

 

Distance
from
End of
E.P. Floor.

Distance
from Mid.
Plane of
Pyramid.

Width E.
to W.

Top.  Base.

Mid.
from
Entrance
Axis, con-
tinued.

Mid.
E. from
Mid
line of
Pyra-
mid.

Heights
E.      W.

Level above
End of E. P.
floor.

Level
below
Pyramid
Pavement.

Beginning of Horiz Passage

Fissure
In Passage
N Door of S Chamber
S Door of S Chamber
N Door of L Chamber
S Door of L Chamber
In S Passage
In S Passage
In S Passage
In S Passage
In S Passage End

0
20
76W. 91E.
121
218
291
  346  
672
760
900
1040
1180
1318

306N.



88N.
15N.
40S.
366S.




1012S.

40.8          
32.9          

32.3   32.4
31.6   32.7
31.9   33.0
32.0   33.3
29.5   29.5
29.6   27.3
26.7   26.7
28.1   29.0
30.1   30.0
          26.0

.4W.
1.0W.




.5W.
1.9W.




9.7W.

286.4
285.8




286.3
284.9




277.1

48.5         





35.5  36.0
31.0 + x  

26.3  26.0
28.6  27.0
29.5  29.3

0
Top + 38.3




Top + 38.9
Top – 6.6




Top – 2.6

– 1181 floor
– 1143 roof




– 1142 roof
– 1188 roof




– 1184 roof

Large Chamber, E. Wall 325.9; at 100 from West. Wall 329.6?; N. Wall 553.5; S. Wall 554.1
Side Chamber W. Wall 69½ to 70½ N. Wall 70.3; S. Wall 72.3

Top +125.3 
Top + 40
   to + 48

– 1056 roof
– 1137 roof

The large chamber walls are therefore distant from the Pyramid central axis, 302.9 E. at N. wall; 299.6 E. at S. wall; 250.6 W. at N. wall; 254.5 W. at S. wall; 40 S. and 366 S. The central axis thus not passing through the chamber, but 40 inches inside the rock of the N. side.

 

64. [p. 95] General summary of the positions inside the Great Pyramid:

 

Horizontally

Vertically

From N. Base

From Centre

E. from Centre

Above Pavement

Beginning of entrance
S. end of entrance passage
S. end of N. subterranean passage
Subterranean Chamber, centre
N. end of S. subterranean passage
S. end of S. subterranean passage
Beginning of Ascending passage
End of Ascending passage
Queen's Chamber, N.E. corner
Queen's Chamber, mid W. roof
Gallery, virtual S. end, floor
Gallery, top of step face
Antechamber, N. end, floor
Antechamber S. end, roof
King's Chamber, floor
King's Chamber, N.E. wall base
King's Chamber, roof

524.1 ± .3
4228.  ± 2.
4574.  ± 2.
4737.  ± 2.
4900.  ± 2.
5546.  ± 3.
1517.8 ± .3
2907.3 ± .8
4402.1 ± .8
4533.8 ± .8
4595.8 ± .9
4534.5 ± .9
4647.8 ± .9
4763.9 ± .9
4865.0 ± .9
4864.7 ± .9

N. 4010.0 ± .3
N. 306.  ± 2.
S. 40.  ± 2.
S. 203.  ± 2.
S. 366.  ± 2.
S. 1012.  ± .3
N. 3016.3 ± .3
N. 1626.8 ± .8
N. 102.0 ± .8
N. .3 ± .8
S. 61.7 ± .9
S. .4 ± .9
S. 113.7 ± .9
S. 229.8 ± .9
S. 330.9 ± .9
S. 330.6 ± .9

mid. 287.0 ± .8
mid. 286.4 ± 1.
mid. 286.3 ± 1.
mid. 25.9 ± 2.
mid. 284.9 ± 1.
mid. 277.1
mid. 286.6 ± .8
mid. 287.  ± 1.5
side 308.  ± 3.
side 72.  ± 3.
mid. 284.4 ± 3.
mid. 284.4 ± 3.
same ?
same ?
mid. same ?
side 305.0 ± 3.

+ 668.2 ± .1
1181.  ± 1.
1178.  ± 1.

– 1056.  ± 2.
1219.  ± 1.5
1213.  ± 2.

+ 172.9 ± .2
+ 852.6 ± .3
+ 834.4 ± .4
+ 1078.7 ± .6 roof
+ 1689.0 ± .5
+ 1694.1 ± .7
+ 1692.6 ± .6
+ 1841.5 ± .6 roof
+ 1692.8 ± .6
+ 1688.5 ± .6
+ 1921.6 ± .6 to
+ 1923.7 ± .6

 

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F05i
F05i - Drawing based on the data from sir Flinders Petrie.- [6]
Purple numbers not from Petrie.
Dimensions in inch, size indications from reference line at -1000 inch below pavement.
M = the centerline through the top of the pyramid.
Lowest point (without deep shaft) = - 1219 inch. (1 inch = 2.54 cm).

 

  1 – The descending shaft.
  2 – Entrance to a small, steep shaft. The entrance was once closed with a limestone block.
  3 – The small, steep shaft (called the well) leading upwards to “the cave” (grotto).
  4 – Horizontal passage.
  5 – Recess in the horizontal passage, makes it higher and wider along the West side.
  6 – The large subterranean chamber, approx.. 550 x 828 inch, 828 x 1397 cm
         or 15.81 x 26.68 cubit, roughly taken 16 x 27 cubit.
  7 – The deep shaft in the floor of the subterranean chamber, (Perring’s excavation).
  8 – Small blind shaft beginning in the south wall of the subterranean chamber and
    continues further southwards over a distance of 646 inch, 16.40 m (meter) or 31.33 cubit.
  9 – Fig F04e – Large parts of solid rock weren't cut away.
10 – A small niche in the West wall (begin of a small sealed shaft?).

 

F05cm
F05cm - Same drawing as above, now in cm. Lowest point (without deep shaft) = - 30.96 meter.
Purple numbers not from Petrie.


F05cu
F05cu - Same drawing as above, now in cubit. Lowest point (without deep shaft) = - 59.13 cubit.
Purple numbers not from Petrie.



F06
F06 - Plan of Cheops' pyramid, sizes in cubit.
Location of the subterranean chamber relative to the king’s chamber,
the great gallery and the top M (center) of the pyramid.

1 = The King’s Chamber.
2 = Subterranean Chamber.
3 = High threshold at the end of the Great Gallery.
4 = Great Gallery.

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1 – The descending shaft.

F07A
Photo 07 taken from point A

 

F07
 Photo 07 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]
About the lowest part of the descending shaft.
On the left (West) the entrance to the small, steep shaft leading towards the cave (grotto).

 

Original text: The descending passage of the great pyramid of Gizeh: Showing in the westwall the lower opening of the Well-shaft.

 

 

F21O
Photo 21 taken from point O

 

F21
Photo 21 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

Original text: The descending passage in the great pyramid of Gizeh as viewed from inside the lower opening of the Well-shaft, looking east: showing its steepness and its low roof

 

  2 – Entrance to a small, steep shaft.

 

F08B
Photo 08 taken from point B

 

F08
Photo 08 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

3 – The small, steep shaft.

 

F09C
Photo 09 taken from point C

 

F09
Photo 09 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

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4 – Horizontal passage.

 

F10D
Photo 10 taken from point D

 

F10
Photo 10 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

F11E
Photo 11 taken from point E

 

F11
Photo 11 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

Original text: The lower square terminal of the Descending Passage of the great pyramid of Gizeh; showing the entrance of the very low small horizontal passage which leads southward to the Pit. [the pit, meaning the subterranean chamber].

[6] – Petrie 37:
The entrance passage has a flat end, square with its axis (within at least 1º), and out of this end a smaller horizontal passage proceeds, leaving a margin of the flat end along the top and two sides. This margin is 4.5 wide at E. [left side on photo], 3.2 at W., and 5.4 to 6.0 from E. to W. along the top.

 

5 – Recess in the horizontal passage.

 

F12F
Photo 12 taken from point F

 

F12
Photo 12 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]


[6] – Petrie 37, page 60: The side chamber is an enlargement of the passage, westward and upward, as are all the chambers of the Pyramid; it is very rough and uneven, and encumbered now with large blocks of stone.

 

F13G
Photo 13 taken from point G

 

F13
Photo 13 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

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6 – The large subterranean chamber.

 

F14H
Photo 14 taken from point H

 

F14
Photo 14 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

[6] – Petrie 37, page 60: The large chamber is most clearly unfinished, both in the dressing of the walls, and more especially in the excavation for the floor. The walls have an average irregularity estimated at ±.7 and projecting lumps of rock are left untouched in some parts. The roof is more irregular, estimated average variation ±3. The floor is most irregular, at the W. end it rises at the highest to only 10 inches from the roof; and over all the western half of the chamber it is irregularly trenched with the cuttings made by workmen to dislodge blocks of the rock. It is, in fact, an interesting specimen of quarrying, but unfortunately now completely choked up, by Perring having stowed away there all the pieces of limestone taken out of his shaft in the floor.]

 

F15I
Photo 15 taken from point I

 

F15
Photo 15 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

F16J
Photo 16 taken from point J

 

F16
Photo 16 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]


Original text: The north-east corner of the rock-cut subterranean chamber, or pit, in the great pyramid of Gizeh, showing the square doorway of the small horizontal passage by which entrance is gained to the chamber.

 

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7 – The deep shaft in the floor.

 

F17K
Photo 17 taken from point K

 

F17
Photo 17 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]


Original text: The rock-cut subterranean chamber of the great pyramid of Gizeh, looking south; showing the square doorway of the little south blind passage; also the large opening of the deep vertical shaft, witch descends from near the centre of the floor of the eastern portion of the chamber.

 

[Petrie 37 – page 60 & 61: The original depth of the smaller shaft I could not see, it was apparently about 40 inches according to Vyse, when Perring sunk his round shaft down in the bottom of the ancient square shaft. This hole in the dimly–lighted chamber, about 30 feet deep (with water in it after heavy rains have rushed down the entrance passage), and with a very irregular and wide opening, makes measurement about here somewhat unpleasant. I avoided filling the shaft with the earth removed from the passage, or with the stones which Perring excavated from it, in case anyone should afterwards wish [p. 61] to excavate farther at the bottom.]

 

F18L
Photo 18 taken from point L

 

F18
Photo 18 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]


[Petrie 37, page 61: The southern passage is very rough, apparently merely a first drift–way, only just large enough to work in, intended to be afterwards enlarged, and smoothed; its sides wind 6 or 8 inches in and out.]

 

F19M
Photo 19 taken from point M.

 

F19
Photo 19 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

 

Original text: The subterranean chamber, or pit, hewn in the rock a hundred feet below the base level of the great pyramid of Gizeh; showing its very uneven floor (looking west).

 

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10 – A small niche in the West wall.

 

F20N
Photo 20 taken from point N.

 

F20
Photo 20 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

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--------------------------------------------

References to Chapter F.


Pyramidology:

See Wikipedia (English): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramidology

See Wikipedia (Dutch): https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piramidologie

 

 

[1] - Photos taken by the Edgar Brothers.

Great Pyramid Passages, Volume 1 & 2 , (1910 & 1913)

John Edgar & Morton Edgar.

Photos public Domain, see Wikimedia: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Johnedgarpyramid.jpg


Books online:

https://web.archive.org/web/20070928032004/http://www.a2z.org/wtarchive/docs/1913_Great_Pyramid_Passages_Vol_II.pdf

https://www.a2z.org/wtarchive/docs/1924_Great_Pyramid_Its_Symbolism_Science_and_Prophecy.pdf

 



[2] - To see a more recent photo of the subterranean chamber please see the website of the author Graham Hancock:

https://grahamhancock.com/galleries/beauty-of-egypt/inside

His book in English: “The Fingerprints of the Gods” 1995 – ISBN 90-5121-600-9

Dutch translation: “ Het ontstaan en het einde van alles” – 1997.

 

 

[3] - Charles Piazzi Smyth  (1819 – 1900)

From his book : Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid (1877)

See Wikipedia:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Piazzi_Smyth

Terms of copyright: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Piazzi-plate_7.jpg

 

 

[4] – British Colonel Richard William Howard Vyse (1784 – 1853).

See Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howard_Vyse

 

 

[5] – Perring’s excavation

For Perring see Wikipedia:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Shae_Perring

 

 

[6] - Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853 – 1942)

See Wikipedia:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flinders_Petrie

See also: The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh – 1883

Book online by Ronald Birdsall:  http://www.ronaldbirdsall.com/gizeh/index.htm

 

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